Covid: Who can have a booster jab and how can you get one?

All over-40s in the UK are now able to book an appointment to have a Covid booster jab three months after their second dose.
The government says it aims to offer a booster to all UK adults, as well as a second primary dose to 12- to 15-year-olds.
In England, if you're 40 or over, or in a high-risk group, you can now book to have your booster jab 12 weeks after your second vaccine dose (or third, if you have a weakened immune system and had to have an extra primary dose).
You can arrange your booking a month in advance – in other words, from two months (61 days) after your second jab.
From Monday, people aged 30 and over will be able to book theirs.
The UK, Scottish and Welsh governments have said all over-18s will be offered a booster by the end of January – although some may not get the jab until later.
To make space for vaccinations some GPs will be allowed to postpone routine health checks for over-75s and new patients.
A booster is an extra dose of vaccine which prolongs protection, and can cut the risk of infection by more than 93%.
You will receive a dose of either Pfizer or Moderna, regardless of which you were given for your earlier jabs.
A UK trial of seven different drugs found these worked best, although all the vaccines raised immunity to some degree.
It's not yet known exactly how effective the current vaccines are against the new variant.
Early evidence suggests there may be a higher re-infection risk from Omicron.
Pfizer has said a booster jab of its coronavirus vaccine appears to provide an effective defence against the new variant.
It says a small study suggests that having three doses produces a similar level of antibodies against Omicron to that of two doses against other variants.
Earlier, the World Health Organization (WHO) said existing vaccines should still protect people who contract Omicron from severe illness.
If you've tested positive, you must wait four weeks (28 days) from the date of the test before having your booster.
You shouldn't have the booster if you have a severe illness or high fever. However, patient information from Pfizer and Moderna says a mild fever or a cold are not reasons to delay.
Children aged 12 to 17 should wait 12 weeks after a positive result, because of an extremely small risk of heart inflammation. The longer gap doesn't apply to children at higher risk.
All children aged 12 and over will be offered two doses of the Pfizer jab.
No vaccine is currently approved for under-12s in the UK.
Not in the UK, although it will be mandatory in Austria from next year, and Germany may follow. A number of European countries have also tightened restrictions for the unvaccinated.
All frontline NHS staff in England (with some exceptions) must be fully vaccinated by 1 April.
Care home staff in England must already be vaccinated (unless exempt).
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland require Covid passports to enter some venues and events.
You can still book your first or second jab. You need to wait eight weeks between the first and second, and a further three months before your booster.
In particular, the government wants unvaccinated pregnant women to come forward.
The most common ones include a sore arm, headache, chills, fatigue and nausea.
They are part of the body's normal immune response to vaccines and tend to resolve within a day or two.
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There are extremely rare, but occasionally fatal, cases of people developing blood clots after taking the AstraZeneca vaccine.
And a very small number of people have experienced a severe allergic reaction after the Pfizer vaccine.
You should discuss any existing serious allergies with your healthcare professional before being vaccinated.
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